The United States Institute of Peace USIP has been working since to strengthen the rule of law in Afghanistan by identifying peaceful means of dispute resolution, developing partnerships between state and community actors, and improving access to justice. With a Kabul-based field office, USIP has conducted rule of law-related research and pilot projects across all regions of Afghanistan, with past and current projects and research spanning 18 provinces. The understanding of formal judicial decision-making and courtroom procedures among the Afghanistan population is limited. One reason is a lack of public trials, and citizen observation of those trials. The Afghan constitution mandates the right of public trials in Afghan courts, but the lack of transparency in practice facilitates both poor performance and corruption, while making it difficult to identify specific problems that need to be resolved. Community court observation CCO aims to promote greater transparency, accountability, and improved performance by formal justice actors and institutions. The CCO projects and trainings are currently being implemented in 55 primary and appellate courts at provincial centers and districts in 14 provinces. As a result, there has been notable improvement in the performance of the judiciary and the courts holding public trials. This project also facilitates community judiciary meetings to give citizens a forum to discuss public concern and satisfaction with the formal justice sector. Between July and July , a total of 44 community-judiciary meetings were held in which community representatives, including 88 women participated.
The Tricksters of Afghanistan’s New Online-Dating Scene
Department of State. This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office at the U. Embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan. OSAC encourages travelers to use this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in Afghanistan. Travel Advisory.
This will benefit people in all provinces of Afghanistan by improving access to basic services, infrastructure, Start Date: Supporting Human Rights, Democracy and the Rules based International System in Afghanistan.
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Afghanistan Flash Update | COVID-19 | Daily Brief No. 17 | 22 Mar 2020
KABUL Reuters – Frustrated by strict social rules, young and educated Afghans are quickly learning that taboos can be sidestepped at the tap of a mobile phone. In deeply conservative, Muslim Afghanistan, social media is opening a new route for men and women to communicate in private. Some even find love in a country where most marriages are arranged and strict rules make it tough – and dangerous – for men and women to interact even in the most liberal circles.
A recent explosion in Internet use has opened a new frontier, and many are using tools such as instant messaging to approach each other and set up dates.
A chronology of key events in the history of Afghanistan, from the mids to Both sides agree to continue the talks at a later date, though the Taliban France Covid Mask rule for Parisians amid ‘undeniable surge’9.
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Romance Round The World: From Meet Markets To Covert 911 Calls
Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what’s happening in the world as it unfolds. Photos: Photos: Taliban attack Pakistani school. Taliban attack Pakistani school — Soldiers patrol the streets in Peshawar, Pakistan, near a school that was attacked by the Pakistani Taliban on Tuesday, December
This FAR rule was opened at the request of DoD’s Regulatory Reform Task Force (RRTF). Taxes—Foreign Contracts in Afghanistan (Date).
Return to top. In sheer land mass, the Achaemenid Empire was the largest empire the ancient world had ever seen until BC, when Alexander the Great toppled the Persian regime on his eastward march from the Mediterranean through Afghanistan to India. The main Achaemenid city in the north of Afghanistan was Bactria or Baktra present-day Balkh , a truly ancient settlement and presumed birthplace of the philosopher-mystic Zoraster, which makes Afghanistan the birthplace of Zoroastrianism, the oldest continuously-practiced religion in the world and the principal faith from Achaemenid times until the advent of Islam more than twelve centuries later.
How the Achaemenids conquered Afghanistan is less well understood than the legacy they left behind. The annual tribute these satraps paid to the Achaemenid emperor is illustrated in a series of bas-relief sculptures, created during the early 6th century BC, for the eastern stairway of the Apadana Palace at Persepolis. Yet as the building toppled, it fell to the north and to the west, allowing the massive stairway on the eastern side to survive.
On this ancient stairway, a magnificent series of bas-relief depictions, known as the Tribute Processions, give us a remarkably detailed view of the peoples, the facial types, the clothing, accoutrements, and other details that help us to understand the various regions of the Achaemenid Empire. Each year, every satrap was expected to journey to Persepolis and pay tribute to the emperor with some gift or token symbolic of the region’s main industry.
The five satraps of present-day Afghanistan are represented among the Tribute Procession with remarkable individuality and verve. These bas-reliefs comprise some of the earliest extant depictions of the Afghan people. Another benefit of Achaemenid rule over Afghanistan was the building of the Royal Road , a trade route that extended from Persepolis eastward through present-day Herat to Kandahar which by BC had replaced Mundigak at the principal city in Afghanistan and farther eastward through the Khyber Pass to India.
The Achaemenid Royal Road formed acritical link in the series of roads that later became known as the Silk Road. Though the Persians ruled over present-day Afghanistan for more than two centuries, little Achaemenid architecture and few artifacts from the period have been scientifically excavated within the borders of Afghanistan aside from the coinage found at Kabul near the foot of Tepe Maranjan and at the old Chaman i-Hazouri parade ground.
The Chaman-i-Hazouri Hoard purportedly comprised some 1, or more coins when first discovered by a construction crew in
Dealing With the Taliban: India’s Strategy in Afghanistan After U.S. Withdrawal
Physical distancing measures can help to slow transmission of the virus and reduce the burden on the health system. But to suppress and control epidemics, countries must isolate, test, treat and trace. As the virus moves to low-income countries, WHO is deeply concerned about the impact it could have among populations with high HIV prevalence, or among malnourished children — the latter being of particular concern in Afghanistan.
Travel restrictions by countries are changing rapidly and should be monitored on daily basis. Wide commercial flight suspensions to Kabul are expected to begin over the coming days and the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service UNHAS is investigating options for a possible international air-bridge service, although this would be dependent on funding and other considerations.
The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s During Taliban rule, Afghanistan was a safe haven for several.
You should also consider checking with your transport provider or travel company to make sure your passport and other travel documents meet their requirements. There are no specific restrictions on entry to Afghanistan. Everyone arriving in Afghanistan will be required to have their temperature checked at the airport. If your temperature is high, the government will advise you to quarantine and will offer you medical attention at two hospitals in Kabul.
Matchmaking in the U. One of the latest entrants into the business is Smell Dating, a New York-based company that asks clients to wear a T-shirt for three days — without bathing! The idea is that folks sniff and, if they like the smell, pursue a date. In the corners of the world that we cover in Goats and Soda, there are all kinds of twists in the dating game although none of them involve scent.
known as the Durrani, began a period of at least nominal rule in Afghanistan that ended the Third Anglo-Afghan War and marks Afghanistan’s official date of.
Mullah Mohammed Omar, a Muslim cleric, sets up Taliban movement of Islamic students who take up arms, capture Kandahar and advance on Kabul. September : The Taliban fails to capture and hold the city of Mazar-i-Sharif held sacred by Shia as the site of Ali’s grave. Pakistani religious schools send reinforcements to the Taliban. But fighting breaks out few months later.
October : The Taliban take Mazar-i-Sharif. There are unconfirmed reports of mass arrests and executions numbering in the thousands of Shia, especially of the Hazara ethnic group. November : The UN imposes an air embargo and freezes Taliban assets in an attempt to force them to hand over bin Laden for trial. March 12, : Ignoring an international outcry, the Taliban blows up two 2,year-old Buddhist statues in the cliffs above Bamiyan. May : Religious minorities are ordered to wear tags identifying them as non-Muslims; Hindu women are required to veil themselves like other Afghan women.
Rule of Law in Afghanistan
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The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in A brief experiment in increased democracy ended in a coup and a communist countercoup. The Soviet Union invaded in to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahidin rebels.
A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in to end the country’s civil war and anarchy. A UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in , and National Assembly elections in Throughout the summer of , their campaigns disputed the results and traded accusations of fraud, leading to a US-led diplomatic intervention that included a full vote audit as well as political negotiations between the two camps.
After two postponements, the next presidential election was held in September The Taliban remains a serious challenge for the Afghan Government in almost every province. The Taliban still considers itself the rightful government of Afghanistan, and it remains a capable and confident insurgent force fighting for the withdrawal of foreign military forces from Afghanistan, establishment of sharia law, and rewriting of the Afghan constitution. In , negotiations between the US and the Taliban in Doha entered their highest level yet, building on momentum that began in late Underlying the negotiations is the unsettled state of Afghan politics, and prospects for a sustainable political settlement remain unclear.
Wolesi Jirga or House of People seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms. Despite improvements in life expectancy, incomes, and literacy since , Afghanistan is extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid.
Dating and marriage customs in afghanistan
With over 2, U. On Monday, a Taliban spokesperson announced that an agreement had been reached outlining a plan for reaching a political settlement to end the war. The plan reportedly includes a timeline for the reduction and eventual withdrawal of U. It remains to be seen whether this promising new direction for talks and a U.
No compromise or peace deal can succeed, however, unless the Taliban come to the table with the Afghan government convinced that negotiating and adhering to a political settlement offers the most viable path to achieving their objectives and that failure to do so will result in a continued costly stalemate that keeps them politically marginalized. But much of the Taliban arguably are not there yet.
At Taxes for Expats we have been preparing U. Citizens and permanent residents working in Afghanistan for over 4 years. Our clients are mainly contractors who work in a variety of industries but mainly security. Citizen or green card holder you are legally required to file a U. We offer professional tax services. That means we figure out the best and most optimal way to file your U. You can also do them yourself – not that we recommend it. For more information please see IRS.
The expatriate Foreign Earned Income Exclusion can only be claimed if you file your tax return on a timely basis. It is not automatic if you fail to file and can even be lost. As an expat living abroad you get an automatic extension to file until June 15th following the calendar year end. You cannot file using the calendar year as is standard in France for U. You must, however, pay any tax that may be due by April 15th in order to avoid penalties and interest.
You can get an extension to file if you request it until October 15th.